Baghdad was founded by the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur in 762 CE. When he founded a completely new city for his capital, he chose the name Medina al-Salaam or The City of Peace. This was the official name on coins, weights, and other official usage, although the common people continued to use the old name. Baghdad soon became the home to pioneering scientists, astronomers, poets, mathematicians, musicians, historians, legalists and philosophers. The Baghdad Peace Festival was started in 2011 to remind people of that history.
While returning today from Ranchi to Baghdad, I just walked across the great Sarod maestro Ustad Amjad Ali Khan at the Indira Gandhi International airport, Delhi. He is a renowned Indian classical musician. He has been awarded the second highest civilian honour – Padma Vibhushan in India.