ndia celebrates January 26th every year as her Republic Day to mark the date when the Constitution of India came into force. The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic.
Being observed as India’s Independence Day, August 15 is celebrated across the nation with great patriotism and enthusiasm. The UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act in 1947 on July 4, 1947 and transferred legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly. This was the end of the British rule in India and on August 15, 1947, India got its independence but by establishing two Dominions, India and Pakistan. Indian national flag was hoisted in the morning on this occasion at the residence of the Indian ambassador in Baghdad.
The temple of Lord Shiva is situated in the heart of the city on a hill called Pahari Mandir. The 2,140 feet Ranchi hill houses the temple at its summit. Ranchi hill was earlier being known as Phansi Tongri (Hanging Hill) and it was the place where freedom fighters were hanged to death. It’s said that more than 250 freedom fighters were hanged here from the trees by the British rulers. Pahari Mandir holds the distinction of being the only temple in the country to continue with the tradition of hoisting the national flag every Independence Day ever since the first Tricolour was unfurled here in the intervening night of August 14 and 15, 1947.