Manda is celebrated to pray for monsoon rain. The Manda festival takes place primarily in and around 100 km radius of Ranchi, especially in villages where the majority of the people belong to Munda and Oraon tribes. The festival involves various rituals rituals to bring blessings of Lord Shiva for good crops and health leading to prosperity.
Ram Navami or Rama Navami is celebrated every year by the Hindus to commemorate the birth of Lord Rama, who is believed to be one of the Dashavatara (ten incarnations) of Lord Vishnu. Unlike other regions in India where Rama Navami festival is celebrated for a day, it is observed in Jharkhand for a full month.
The temple of Lord Shiva is situated in the heart of the city on a hill called Pahari Mandir. The 2,140 feet Ranchi hill houses the temple at its summit. Ranchi hill was earlier being known as Phansi Tongri (Hanging Hill) and it was the place where freedom fighters were hanged to death. It’s said that more than 250 freedom fighters were hanged here from the trees by the British rulers. Pahari Mandir holds the distinction of being the only temple in the country to continue with the tradition of hoisting the national flag every Independence Day ever since the first Tricolour was unfurled here in the intervening night of August 14 and 15, 1947.
Litti along with chokha is a complete meal. Litti is a dough ball made up of whole wheat flour and stuffed with Sattu mixed with herbs and spices and then baked over coal or cow dung cakes or wood and sometimes it is also tossed with lots of ghee.